Paternity testing is the newest ability of the scientific field to determine the correct father of a child. With a simple test a mother can find out if her child was indeed fathered by the assumed biological father. Determining the correct father allows a host of emotional, legal and parental questions to be answered paving the way for a more stable future for all parties involved. There is no reason to leave the question unanswered.
How does a Paternity Test work?
Paternity testing uses DNA that is found in every human cell in order to determine if someone is the parent of a child or not. Because each of us was born with unique DNA structures that were given to us by our parents, the resulting DNA will reflect both of our parents’ DNA. To determine a father’s identity, the DNA from the mother, child, and presumed father must all be compared. When enough pieces match, paternity can be determined to an almost certain degree.
When can the test be performed?
A paternity test may be done either before or after the birth of a child. Testing the paternity of a child that is in the womb is referred to as a pre-natal paternity test. Such a test requires that a sample be taken from the fetus or from the placenta and involves a small amount of risk to the unborn child. On the other hand, testing after birth can be easily done with a simple cheek swab for tissue cells with DNA. Blood and other tissues samples are also possible means of performing a test on a child after birth. In either case, after collection the samples from the mother, father, and child are then sent to a laboratory for comparison.
How long for results from an at home Paternity Test?
Individuals that want additional privacy while testing the paternity of a child can purchase an at home paternity test kit. The test is completely painless and involves simply running a swab over the inside of the cheek. Results can be available in as few as three days depending upon the speed of the lab and if they offer a rush service option.
Why should Paternity Testing be done?
Legal issues aside, paternity testing allows a mother to know about any medical history that may affect a child as well as helping to bring the child’s history to their attention. If a child is older and doesn’t know the identity of their father, paternity testing can be done to resolve these questions. Paternity testing is also important to establish the role of a father in a child’s life if done prior to the birth. In positive relationships, the paternity test can bring a family closer together and assign the name ‘dad’ to the family unit.
What are the legal issues surrounding testing?
Financial support and visitation rights can be assisted with the help of paternity testing. By determining the identity of the father, courts can establish financial support for the child until they are of a legal age. Paternity testing can also help to assign visitation rights for the father that wants to stay in contact with their child.